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Why do we call them the “Dark Ages”? – Medieval DOCUMENTARY



Go to and help support the channel. They are now running a massive Black Friday Sale, plus 10% off on any purchase with code Kings. Thanks to Established Titles for sponsoring this video!

Kings and Generals historical animated documentary series on the history of medieval era continues with a video on the Dark Ages, as we discuss how the term came to be and how Dark the Dark Ages really were.

Great Schism Between Greek and Latin Christianity:
How Islam Split into the Sunni and Shia Branches:
Rise of the Cossacks:
Crusades From the Muslim Perspective:
Early Muslim Expansion – Yarmouk, Al-Qadisiyyah:
Early Muslim Expansion – Egypt and Iran:
Muslim Schism:
Third Crusade:
Fourth Crusade:
First Crusade:
Sultanate of Women in the Ottoman Empire:
How the German Empire Provoked Ottoman Jihad in WWI:
Ottoman Battles:
Medieval Battles:
Hansa – Northern Silk Road:
Why and How Feudalism Declined in Europe:
Roman History:
Fugger – Banker Who Brought the Habsburgs to Power:
Why the Ottomans Never Colonized America:
Why the Ottoman Sultans Killed their Brothers:
Cem Sultan: Ottoman Prince in the Heart of Europe:
Ottoman Pirates:
Turkification of Anatolia:
Christian Schism:
Mos Maiorum: What led to the fall of the Roman Republic?:
How Rome Conquered Greece:
Caesar in Gaul:

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Script: Riccardo Dormino
Artwork: Artem Krikhtenko (, Yurii Magula
Animation: Artem Krikhtenko
Editor: Michael Merc

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Music courtesy of EpidemicSound

#Documentary #DarkAges #Medieval


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  1. @KingsandGenerals

    November 18, 2022 at 3:34 am

    Go to and help support the channel. They are now running a massive Black Friday Sale, plus 10% off on any purchase with code Kings. Thanks to Established Titles for sponsoring this video!

  2. @charlesdeleo4608

    November 30, 2022 at 7:42 pm

    I mean, I still use the term "dark ages", but I only use it to describe the era that precipitated the death of the Roman Emperor Julian in 363 CE, to the rise of Islam in 630. This was an era when Christianity took over the Roman Empire, and was a totally different beast than now. Early Christians lived in an age of superstition and ignorance, but that was largely by choice. They destroyed Classical Greek and Roman texts, because those writings contradicted what was written in the Bible. Even Tertulian, an early Christian apologist, encouraged this in his writings. The worst of it, however, was when Emperor Theodosius I signed the Edict of Thessalonica, making Paganism illegal in the Roman Empire. Centuries' worth of art and architectural wonders were demolished. Hypatia – the greatest scholar of the age, was martyred, and overall the Church held most of the Mediterranean and even Europe in its grasp.

    As for why the rise of Islam is the end of what I consider the "dark ages" is because the Islamic Golden Age saw a preservation of the works of Classical Antiquity, and they actually even improved upon it. One scholar from the town of Herat accurately calculated the distance between the moon and the earth, while another wrote that if you divided the atom, you would release enough energy to destroy a city the size of Baghdad! Cities such as Damascus were centers of learning and wisdom, and even medical students were being taught anatomy, gastrointestinal studies and flow of the blood centuries before Harvey; they were even using music as a tool in psychiatric therapy!

  3. @sridharpadmanabhan407

    December 2, 2022 at 8:04 pm

    There was Dark Age, then there was Feudal Age, then Castle Age and then Imperial Age where you can research Chemistry

  4. @mikezizis3725

    December 3, 2022 at 11:24 pm

  5. @bpcgos

    December 6, 2022 at 2:50 pm

    In Muslim, dark ages, or specifically Jahilliyah or ignorance era, happened during the ascendant of prophet Jesus until prophet Muhammad being task by God to bring Islam. It's an era where ummah (or people ) lost of who the real and only God is into idolatry. Where hedonism and tribalism become way of life.

  6. @lucasjleandro

    December 7, 2022 at 4:55 am

    I think we living Social Collapse like the Bronze Age Collapse

  7. @p1jos1s

    December 7, 2022 at 1:27 pm

    From what I studied about this topic there was really a civilizational decline that can be called as the Dark age. However, it has to be emphasized that this happened only in the former West Roman territories. Especially, Italy was significantly negatively impacted by the barbarians. Dated from the 6th to the 10th century. Lack of the literature from this period may be partial proof of that.

  8. @rami-sep

    December 7, 2022 at 5:32 pm

    The medieval era was in fact brilliant

  9. @igorgabriel6979

    December 8, 2022 at 8:14 pm

    Established titles is a scam

  10. @AuDHDNovaScotian31

    December 15, 2022 at 12:47 pm

    Maybe it was dark in a sense that there were very few historical records from Western Europe due to the several wars between nations and the vikings.

  11. @andybigwood5260

    December 15, 2022 at 1:29 pm

    established titles is a fraud based in hong kong. they sell a bit of paper with no legal standing and no rights to property or ennoblement in Scotland

  12. @jamescooper7878

    December 16, 2022 at 10:59 am

    I have allways considered the so called "Dark ages" as the lack of surviving writing, but the 14th centry was indeed a very bleak age whit all the wars and plagues.

  13. @freddykruger1086

    December 18, 2022 at 10:35 pm

    The worst lost of humanity was when our religious zealots decided to burn the first scientific/physolophe books that modern social civilization were based upon(the greek libraries burning..the bagdhad library/archives burns) everytime they burned books for the religious sake is what held humanity back in its whole.the fact people still try to understand how some were building their irrigations systems and choose the best terrain for their capitals prove that we lost knowledge..the lost of knowledge or the limitations of its reach by censoring or completly destroying any traces of it will always be humanity biggest threat for us to go back in a dark human misery era. Knowledge is power..if only bad intended folks following machievali principles hold that knowledge any person of good intents is done for.

  14. @KrisLapler

    December 19, 2022 at 3:11 am

    They are the Dark Ages because the planet made a move towards religion and not science, education, or anything else requiring intelligence.

  15. @markuspfeifer8473

    December 20, 2022 at 10:52 am

    I‘d propose 535 as start (start of Justinian‘s campaign in Italy) and as end … maybe 1765 with the invention of the spinning Jenny?

    On the other hand, maybe the whole idea of start and end is flawed and we ought to say „this event is part of this era“ in a way that an event can belong to multiple eras and that the earliest clearly medieval events are allowed to happen before the last clearly ancient events.

  16. @arturminku5247

    December 21, 2022 at 3:05 pm

    Well I think we can agree that the sequal of the "Dark Age" began in late 2019

  17. @cobbler9113

    December 31, 2022 at 7:11 pm

    The Enlightenment philosophers condemning and mocking the people of the Medieval era are eerily familiar to any of those in academia who advocate “presentism”. In other words, applying our modern day values to the past and judging historical institutions and figures based off that. An absolutely abysmal way to study history.

  18. @generationclash5004

    January 10, 2023 at 2:04 pm

    Established Titles is a scam!

  19. @AnomalyINC

    January 21, 2023 at 4:11 am

    Because blacksploitation movies got really popular at the time.

  20. @lucasjleandro

    January 21, 2023 at 7:28 pm

    This false relation between Religion-Faith and Science-Reason

  21. @scottmarquardt3575

    January 22, 2023 at 10:59 am

    I must be the dead tree Lord Seattle. I planted hundreds of trees around the airport and not 1 grew! Make sure to be smarter than the children planting and go out of your way to water the little ones

  22. @bobicramza4158

    January 24, 2023 at 3:02 pm

    i think dark age is for chinese people when mongol starting invasion brutal massacre to them and then making a mongol have their own dynasty called Yuan dynasty , Imagine if chinese defeat genghis khan Yuan dynasty will not exist till today in history ! Imagine how frustrated Song Emperor at that time, a foreign dynasty became a part of China

  23. @nicksiska3231

    January 26, 2023 at 12:02 pm

    This channel does well in showing things in an objective way. So many times history is twisted to suit personal opinions as this channel has shown.

  24. @kmully8873

    February 1, 2023 at 10:51 pm

    Estblished title FU CK OFF SCAMMERS!

  25. @Bayard1503

    February 10, 2023 at 10:29 pm

    There was no electricity, duh!!

  26. @Bayard1503

    February 10, 2023 at 11:05 pm

    The funny thing about Kant… thinking of the period as the Dark Ages, as an era of regression…. He was born in Konigsburg, how developed was that area immediately before the fall of the Western Roman Empire??

  27. @Redmoon3228

    February 16, 2023 at 7:03 pm

    Since when does your channel advertise for scammers? WTF!

  28. @kian2010140

    February 20, 2023 at 11:23 am

    Here's why I clicked on this video…Twice I've heard people on (good quality, though non-historical) podcasts complain about the turn away from the term Dark Ages. Both seemed to frame it as a PC culture/cultural sensitivity issue, complaining that people are "worrying about offending the people of the middle ages".

    That is why I clicked on the video. Thank you for the dose of sanity 🙂

  29. @fayiaforay

    February 26, 2023 at 5:32 pm

    I'll appreciate it if Kings and Generals start to create content about pre-colonial African Kingdoms, especially those of West Africa.

  30. @freefall9832

    March 2, 2023 at 4:40 am

    The dark ages began with the rise of Christianity and ended with the church being left behind.

  31. @jensphiliphohmann1876

    March 6, 2023 at 2:31 pm

    The protagonists of enlightenment could have called the medieval era "the dork ages".
    Being dorks themselves in this particular matter. 😎

  32. @irrefudiate

    March 6, 2023 at 8:00 pm

    I've always thought the term "Dark Age" meant the opposite of "Renaisance" in Europe. But, it seems the "dark age" is any age that has passed by and is not fondly remembered, if remembered at all. I don't know how long an 'age' is but if enlightenment is art, science, and literature, then only a meteor strike or nuclear war could usher in any new dark age.

  33. @al_fire

    March 15, 2023 at 1:56 am

    Amazing, stunning, excellent!! Are the best words that I could find to describe how incredibly well done, researched, and written this video was! Big congratulations again to the team. The editors/animators did an incredible work to synchronise with the script. By the way a special acknowledge to the researcher and writer, wow!! Looking forward for more videos written/researched by Riccardo!
    Thanks again K&G for your outstanding job, today I'll learnt a lot and debunked some wrong ideas that I had about the period!

  34. @AnthonyRodriguezNYC

    March 26, 2023 at 2:13 pm

    The "Dark Ages" was never dark nor existed. I'm surprised ignorant people still believe in this as well as people who teach "Dark Age" history. Alternative History is a better name for those who think that it existed.

  35. @Mifune41

    April 9, 2023 at 6:37 am

    Thank you for this, and I hope there's more medieval content here in the future. The amount of absolute morons I've met who resolutely insist that we know literally nothing about the thousand years after "the fall of rome" has wounded me permanently.

  36. @davidtheberge1231

    April 21, 2023 at 12:13 pm

    Kant having the hubris to say that he brought humanity out of a dark age because religion guided humanity.

  37. @antonnurwald5700

    May 14, 2023 at 9:05 am

    So basically we are now finally leaving behind a dark age in which people thought of the past as a dark age.

  38. @IamdeaththedestroyerofWorlds

    May 19, 2023 at 2:12 pm

    New european age would be empty of Europeans.

  39. @DonnaLLoyd-lt6ot

    May 24, 2023 at 11:14 pm

    The Dark Ages refers to a Global cooling period….which brings volcanic eruptions. The Dark Ages were dark because the sun was blocked by ash for years.

  40. @Roccato_215

    July 9, 2023 at 11:16 am

    Islamic Barbary pirates would raid and hijack European ships; this also contributed to the Dark Ages, as we couldn't operate with trade or travel without getting grabbed and sold into slavery by the pirate's.

  41. @lordofmankind33

    July 14, 2023 at 3:04 pm

    I love the dark age. To me it lasted from the fall of the roman empire to the year 1066. However im confident enough to know that the dark ages were fucked up, extremely so i view them far more negatively than the high and late middle ages

  42. @artadrians

    July 20, 2023 at 4:04 pm

    Cause they didnt have electricity!😂😂😂😂😂😂😂

  43. @Naduron0

    August 14, 2023 at 1:14 pm

    Historians call it dark age cause of when Rome empire fell so did all writings and modern world thatb our world copy from but it took our people 800 years laters when all start stop havinh war and put your first with many jobs and council and vote what person to lead 5 yearsthat rome already had stop only east rome after Rome fell

  44. @ME-zb3gq

    October 6, 2023 at 6:21 pm

    The era of dark was pre African American groups hiding in central Africa among native African peoples coexisting until the European explorers came to flush them out therefore opening the new age (slavery of the negro people) and therefore the entire world other than (negro slaves) got wealth from slavery … Getting into and out of the dark age is centered around African American people being moved or relocated in parts of the world we are not in the dark ages anymore do your own research along with watching great peices assembled like this research project🎉

  45. @centralcoastcommunitywatch

    November 1, 2023 at 2:36 am

    europe didnt recover from the fall of tha empire until they found immeasurable wealth in palestine

  46. @Rith9789

    November 15, 2023 at 3:56 pm

    Bro your ad is a scam

  47. @bsaneil

    January 12, 2024 at 6:30 pm

    The revisionism of the 70's and 80's has in part been reversed. Professor Ward Perkins revived the idea of a Dark Age in his book 'The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization' giving sound Archaeological and historical reasons. Peter Heather in his 'The Fall of the Roman Empire' refers to a Western world in which the conditions for sustaining an Empire such as Rome's were vanishing from about 250 onwards. Whether we like it or not, in 380 one could write a letter in York and send it to Alexandria. Many people, even animals, lived under tiled roofs. Literacy was widespread, and fungible currency was used for everyday transactions. A wide range of household items was available to people even of modest means, mass produced and of general good quality. By 450 all this had changed. Towns had declined to the point where many had shrunk to a huddle of huts surrounding a church. Long distance travel a thing of the past. Thatch and wattle replaced timber, stone and tiles. Literacy was restricted to the church. Trade was reduced to barter. Wheel turned pottery would not be made again for another 300 years. If we don't like the term 'Dark Ages', we could always call it something else. How about 'A period of economic and political collapse leading to a diminution of prosperity and stability lasting some four hundred years during which urbanisation and population shrinkage occurred'. Personally I think its easier just to say 'Dark Ages'.

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How Africa Shaped Our Christmas Celebrations: Discover the Hidden History



Interestingly, many Christians, particularly Black Christians, are often unaware of the true origins of the December global celebration. Previously, the celebration was variably scheduled in January, March, April, May, or September, reflecting uncertainty about the actual birthdate of Jesus.
The holidays we observe today have their roots in sacred days from ancient Kemetic or what is popularly known as Egyptian culture, where these occasions were timed with celestial events such as the alignment of stars, constellations, and the sun’s position relative to Earth.

Selected References
1. Massey, Gerald. (1883). The Natural Genesis: Second Part of a Book of the Beginnings, Containing an Attempt to Recover and Reconstitute the Lost Origins of the Myths and Mysteries, Types and Symbols, Religion and Language, with Egypt for the Mouthpiece and Africa as the Birthplace, Volume Two.
2. Massey, Gerald. (1907). Egyptian Book of the Dead and the Mysteries of Amenta.
3. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two.

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🍿 Our Recommended Reading List About African History

1. African Origin of Civilization – The Myth or Reality (Audible Audiobook) – Unabridged by Cheikh Anta Diop
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3. Africa Must Unite by Kwame Nkrumah
4. Cultural Genocide in the Black and African Studies Curriculum by Yosef Ben-Jochannan
5. Black Man of the Nile by Yosef Ben-Jochannan
6. New Dimensions in African History by John Henrik Clarke
7. Black Athena : Afro-Asiatic Roots of Classical Civilization by Martin Bernal
8. 100 Amazing Facts About the Negro with Complete Proof by J. A. Rogers
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10. They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America by Ivan Van Sertima

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